Lombardi, Riccardo


Lombardi, Riccardo
(1901–1984)
   One of the founding members of the Partito d’Azione/Action Party (PdA) in 1942, Riccardo Lombardi was born in Enna (Sicily). He was the PdA’s representative in the Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale-Alta Italia/National Liberation Committee-Northern Italy (CLNAI) and was one of the resistance leaders who negotiated the unconditional surrender of the Republic of Salo with Benito Mussoliniin April 1945. Following these negotiations, Lombardi was appointed prefect of Milan by the CLNAI. One of his first tasks was to save the bodies of Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, from further vilification by the crowd that had strung them up in Piazza Loreto.
   Lombardi served as transport minister in Alcide De Gasperi’s first postwar government (December 1945–July 1946) and was elected to the Constituent Assembly as a member of the PdA. He was the secretary of the PdA until its dissolution in 1947. Lombardi was reelected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1948 as a member of the Partito Socialista Italiano/Italian Socialist Party (PSI). He edited the party daily, Avanti!, in 1949–1950, and rapidly became the theoretical voice of the PSI’s left wing and a major rival within the party to Pietro Nenni. Lombardi reluctantly agreed to the PSI’s decision to form a coalition government with the Democrazia Cristiana/Christian Democracy Party (DC) in 1963; he theorized that the PSI would be able to undermine the capitalist system in Italy from within the state by promoting radical social reforms. He did not take ministerial office, however, and thus was unable to press his case. His position was further weakened by the loss of Lelio Basso and others of the party’s far left, who left the PSI to form the Partito Socialista Italiano d’Unita Proletaria/Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity (PSIUP) in 1964. Lombardi remained the focal point of the PSI’s left throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but his supporters were only a minority faction within the party. Lombardi was briefly president of the PSI in 1980. He died in Rome in 1984.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lombardi — puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Lugares 2 Personas 3 Miscelánea 4 Véase también Lugares …   Wikipedia Español

  • Riccardo Lombardi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Riccardo Lombardi (Regalbuto, Enna, 16 de agosto de 1901 Roma, 18 de septiembre de 1984 fue un ingeniero, político y partisano antifascista italiano. En su juventud se afilia al Partido Popular Italiano de Luigi… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Riccardo Martin — (November 18, 1874 ndash; August 11, 1952) was an American tenor.Born Hugh Whitfield Martin in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, Martin was granted an endowment which allowed him, in 1901, to go to Paris to study with Giovanni Sbriglia and Jean de Reszke;… …   Wikipedia

  • Partito Socialista Italiano — Italian Socialist Party (PSI)    The PSI was founded, under the name “Italian Workers’ Party,” in Genoa in 1892. In its early years, the party was dominated by Filippo Turati and his companion, Anna Kuliscioff. Turati’s reformist socialism came… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Librettist — ist der Autor eines Librettos. Er kann dafür einen eigenen Handlungsverlauf entwickeln oder von vorhandenen Stoffen und Texten ausgehen. Die eigenständige dramaturgische und literarische Qualität librettistischer Arbeit wurde erst in jüngerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inline-Speedskating-Junioren-Weltmeisterschaften — FIRS Logo Die Inline Speedskating Junioren Weltmeisterschaften sind das jährlich stattfindende Großereignis für Junioren Speedskater. Als Junior gilt man wenn das 18. Lebensjahr bis zum 31. Dezember des l …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Italy national basketball team — Infobox national basketball team country=Italy country alt=Italia color1=0083c7 color2=FFFFFF fiba ranking=8th fiba zone=FIBA Europe joined fiba=1932 national fed=FIP coach= Carlo Recalcati wc appearances=8 (1963, 1967, 1970, 1978, 1986, 1990,… …   Wikipedia

  • Selección de baloncesto de Italia — Código FIBA ITA …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste von Librettisten — In dieser Liste von Librettisten stehen bekannte internationale Vertreter ihres Berufes mit ihren Werken. Ein Librettist ist der Autor eines Librettos. Er kann dafür einen eigenen Handlungsverlauf entwickeln oder von vorhandenen Stoffen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Histoire De La Formule 1 — Alberto Ascari sur Maserati 4CLT/48 à Silverstone en 1949 L histoire de la Formule 1 trouve son origine dans les courses automobiles disputées en Europe dans les années 1920 et 1930. Elle commence réellement en 1946 avec l …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.